Thursday, August 20, 2009

Borobudur Temple


The glorious ninth century Buddist stupa of Borobudur, the largest Buddist monument in the world. This Buddist monument in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The monument comprises six square platforms topped by three circular platforms, and is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. A main dome is located at the center of the top platform, and is surrounded by seventy-two Buddha statues seated inside perforated stupa.

The monument is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage. The journey for pilgrims begins at the base of the monument and follows a path circumambulating the monument while ascending to the top through the three levels of Buddhist cosmology, namely, Kamadhatu (the world of desire); Rupadhatu (the world of forms); and Arupadhatu (the world of formless). During the journey, the monument guides the pilgrims through a system of stairways and corridors with 1,460 narrative relief panels on the wall and the balustrades.

Evidence suggests Borobudur was abandoned following the fourteenth century decline of Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms in Java, and the Javanese conversion to Islam. It was rediscovered in 1814 by Sir Thomas Raffles, the British ruler of Java. Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, following which the monument was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Borobudur is still used for pilgrimage, where once a year Buddhists in Indonesia celebrate Vesak at the monument, and Borobudur is Indonesia’s single most visited tourist attraction.

3 comments:

Aryo Halim August 26, 2009 at 7:33 PM  

it is nice temple..great temple

Nur Fitrianto August 28, 2009 at 3:27 AM  

it's amazing temple from my country, in my city....

yaya September 2, 2009 at 8:03 PM  

Hello,
We are Master students of National Taiwan University of Science and Technology.
We are doing a research about Heritage in Yogyakarta, center of Java. We choose Borobudur and Prambanan to survey how heritage impacted or merged in tourism sites in Indonesia.
And we really need your opinions about those two heritages so we could try our best to improve the tourism in heritage sites.
Thank you for your help!!  Thank you very much!!!
My e-mail: yaya24682006@yahoo.com.tw

The Questionnaire address:
http://www.smart-survey.co.uk/v.asp?i=14289fwmcp

Best regard.

All of Students of Graduate Institute of Architecture and Historic Preservation.

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